Rautavaara’s Journey in Music
Composer Einojuhani Rautavaara (1928-2016) has been called Finland’s most notable musical export after Sibelius. His prolific output includes eleven operas , eight symphonies, eleven concertos, choral works for the Orthodox , Lutheran and Roman Catholic churches, secular choral works, chamber music, vocal solos, and keyboard works. Many of these works were commissioned by internationally known performers and ensembles, including Vladimir Askenazy , pianist, Richard Stolzman, clarinetist, Hilary Hahn, violinist , Anne Akiko Meiers, violinist, Gerald Finley, baritone, the Philadelphia Symphonic Orchestra, and the Juilliard School of Music Orchestra. Perhaps most frequently performed are his Cantus Arcticus , a concerto for recorded arctic birds and orchestra, Angel of Light , his seventh symphony, and the Lorca choral suite depicting Death as a stalker in a Spanish village. Routavaara’s Journey into Music is divided into two sections, the first a biography and discussion of works that show his various style changes, from neoclassical, to twelve-tone, to post romantic, to a personal expressive style combining elements of twelve-tone and tonality. The second part divides his works by genre and gives more detailed information of stylistic analysis, libretto, provenance, and, often, reception. Author Barbara Hong spent a year in Finland doing music research on a Fulbright Grant, finished a doctorate in music history at Indiana University. She is a retired music history faculty from Western Michigan University and the co-author of An Historical Dictionary of the Music and Musicians of Finland.