Johann Wanhal Viennese Symphonist
His Life and His Musical Environment
The reputation of Johann Wanhal (Vanhal) as one of the most important eighteenth-century symphony composers has been acknowledged both by contemporaries of his time and ours. His music demonstrates the basic changes in the musical styles and compositional concepts that occurred during his lifetime; it reveals his extraordinarily fine talent and his role as an innovator a contributor and an influencer of others. The biographical section of this volume presents an analysis of the information sources and a new interpretation of Wanhal’s life and his position in the musical community. The thematic catalogue of Wanhal’s symphonies includes incipits of all the movements and all the copies both manuscript and printed that the author has found. Further significant additions to our knowledge of both Wanhal his contemporaries and their modi operandi are provided by studies of the manuscript copies themselves. They include a record of the groups of copyists along with summaries and samples of the individual copyists’ hands and the papers they used. The descriptions of the manuscripts are complemented by a study of the publishers and their confusing opus-number systems as well as pertinent information about the individual symphonies. For those interested in Wanhal himself the lists of his autographs and analysis of his handwriting should also be useful. From the Preface.
Winner of the Vincent H. Duckles Award for the best book-length biography or other research tool in music published in 1997. Congratulations on your outstanding achievement. MLA is pleased to recognize your important contribution to the scholarly literature in our field. Music Library Association Board of Directors
Birth: March 7, 1920, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA Education: University of Michigan: Ph.D. (Musicology) 1956, Master of Music (Theory), 1949, Bachelor of Music (Music education), 1941. Private study with Vittorio Giannini (counterpoint, composition), Thor Johnson (conducting), Simone Mantia, Gardell Simons, Donald Reinhardt, and Wayne Lewis (trombone, euphonium), Oliver Edel, William Klenz and Raphael Kramer (violoncello), John Kollen, Selma Kramer (piano).
Publications: Johann Wan0 hal, Viennese Symphonist: His Life and His Musical Environment (556 pp., published by Pendragon Press, Oct. 1997 [see Awards and Recognition]. Articles on the Horn (and hornists) in the 18th century (especially in the works of Haydn and Mozart), e.g., пїЅHaydnпїЅs HornistsпїЅ in Vol. 1 no. 3, Haydn Studien (1973), 52-58; пїЅThe Horn in the Works of Mozart and Haydn: Some Observations and Comparisons,пїЅ in Das Haydn Jahrbuch, 9 (1975), 189-255; пїЅCarl Franz, Eighteenth-Century VirtuosoпїЅ in Alta Musica, IV, 1979, MozartпїЅs Use of Horns in B-flat in His Orchestral Works and the Question of Alto-basso in the Eighteenth-century,пїЅ Historical Brass Society Journal, 2002, 165-92; Concerto for Trombone and Classical Wind Ensemble, publ. by Cherry Classics Music, Feb. 2010. Editor: 22 symphonies of Johann Wanhal, and other items by Wanhal, Wagenseil, and other composers (Doblinger, Universal Editions, Garland Press, A-R Editions, Artaria Editions). Prepared for publication Alexander Weinmann’s пїЅThemen Verzeichniss der Kompositionen von Johann Baptiste WanhalпїЅ, Wiener Archivstudien no. XI, Vienna: Krenn, 1988. Articles about Carl Franz, Johann Vanhal [Wan0hal], and Alexander Weinmann for New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians II. The Symphonies of Johann Vanhal (dissertation.1956).